archaeo-astronomy
Ancient Khmer Sites in Eastern Thailand

New book from White Lotus!
 

© 2012 by Asger Mollerup. All rights reserved.

White Lotus Co. Ltd.

G.P.O. Box 1141

Bangkok 10501

Thailand

Tel. (66) 0-38239-883-4

Fax (66) 0-38239-885

E-mail ande@loxinfo.co.th

Websites www.whitelotuspress.com

www.whitelotusbooks.com

Printed in Thailand

ISBN: 978 974 480 181 4 pbk.                     Price: 950 Baht (incl. CD)

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Introduction

     
This book is the first comprehensive inventory of ancient Khmer sites in eastern Thailand since the now century-old works of Étienne Aymonier, Étienne Lunet de Lajonquière, and Major Erik Seidenfaden, describing ninety-six sites in the provinces of Chanthaburi, Chonburi, Chachoengsao, Prachinburi, and Sra Kaeo. Museums and temples in the area exhibiting Khmer artefacts, quarries, ancient moated sites, and ancient routes are described as well.
      A similar inventory covering some three hundred ancient Khmer locations in northeast Thailand (Isan) and southern Laos is under preparation.
       The aim of this GPS-based field research is to determine basic data for archaeo-astronomical calculations. Location, era, and orientation are presented together with a short description about the site, inscriptions, associated water structures such as moats, small ponds (sra), larger basins (baray), nearby rivers, and geographical context.

The attached CD contains some 3,000 photographs and satellite images.
        The format of the photos is 600 by 800 pixels. Original formats can be acquired by contacting the author.
        The waypoints (coordinates) can be transferred to a GPS device for the traveller to find the location easily. Another option is to copy the coordinates and paste them into an Internet resource such as Google Maps, Google Earth, or PointAsia, and see the location “from above”—and also to get an idea about how to go there. The waypoints are also presented on the CD in the format used by Garmin’s software MapSource. For those readers not using a GPS device, the waypoints are provided on the CD as Google Earth links, giving the reader the option, by clicking on the link, to see all sites in Google Earth, which can be downloaded and installed for free via the Internet (www.google.com/earth). GPS tracks are generally not provided, for two reasons: first, the files become too large for Google Earth to show them on older computers, and second, the field research was conducted on motorbike, so in many cases the GPS tracks would only be useful for those having a dirt bike.
        The book can therefore be read on several levels: (1) as an ordinary book, (2) together with a computer or other digital device capable of showing graphics, (3) with an Internet connection providing satellite access, and ultimately (4) with a GPS device for visiting the sites conveniently.

ERRATUM, May 2012: When I received the first sample of my book and checked the CD, I saw that it only contains the photographs! The Thai-English address list, shortcuts to internet references (ZIP) and especially the KMZ file by which the reader can see the sites in Google Earth, a GPS-file for Garmin GPS-devices and a ''Read Me'' giving advices on how to use Google Earth are NOT on the CD! These files can be downloaded from here by clicking on the file-names  or be downloaded collected as a ZIP-file.
     If any downloading problems, please contact the author: Macsida@hotmail.com

 

Contents

 

 

 

Introduction

XII

 

 

Chanthaburi

 

Introduction to the Chronology

2

Introduction to Chanthaburi Province

3

Noen Phaniat

6

Phaniat Ancient Site

7

Wat Thong Thua

8

Wat Thong Thua Museum

9

Wat Sra Bap

11

Benchamarachuthit School

12

Wat Bon

12

Khao Phloi Waen

13

Inscriptions in Chanthaburi Province

15

 

 

Chonburi, and Chachoengsao

 

Introduction to the Northwestern Provinces of Eastern Thailand

17

Mueang Phra Rot

19

Sra Siliam

20

Tham Nang Sipsong Cave and Pond

20

Prasat Sra Morakot

22

Sra Morakot Museum

23

The National Museum in Prachinburi

24

The National Museum in Bangkok

25

Mueang Sri Mahosot Ancient Settlement

26

Sri Mahosot: Moat and Fai Nam, Ancient Road, and Ancient Ponds and Reservoirs

30

Sri Mahosot: Hoa Sra Ponds

31

Sri Mahosot: Sra Kaeo

31

Sri Mahosot: Site no. 22

32

Sri Mahosot: Site no. 86

32

Sri Mahosot: Site nos. 25 and 26

33

Sri Mahosot: Site no. 29

34

Sri Mahosot: Phu Khao Thong

34

Sri Mahosot: Site no. 223

35

Sri Mahosot: Site no. 10

35

Sri Mahosot: Site nos. 19 and 20

36

Sri Mahosot: Site no. 16

36

Sri Mahosot: Site no. 18

37

Sri Mahosot: Site no. 21

37

Phan Hin

38

Lum Mueang

39

Lai Phrahat

39

Prasat Ban Prasat

40

Sra Thaen

41

Inscriptions in Prachinburi Province

42

 

 

Sra Kaeo

 

Introduction to Sra Kaeo Province

46

The Pre-Angkorian Period

48

The Angkorian Period

49

Map of Amoghapura

53

Map of Sites in Sra Kaeo

54

Sra Phranet

56

Mueang Phai Ancient Settlement

57

Prasat (?) Mueang Phai I

58

Prasat Mueang Phai II

59

Diagram of Ancient Settlements

60

Prasat Khao Noi

61

Prasat Khao Rang

65

Prasat Kut Hin

66

Prasat (?) Nong Thaen II

66

Prasat Nong Bon

67

Prasat Hoi

68

Prasat Ban Noi

69

Prasat (?) Han Sai

70

Prasat Trapeang Krasang

70

Prasat Sae-O

71

Prasat Nong Bo

72

Prasat Li Phi

73

Map of Sites West of Prasat Sdok Kok Thom

74

Prasat Sdok Kok Thom

75

Prasat Nong Khu Non Mak Mun

78

Prasat Nong Kot Ko

79

Prasat Non Mak Mun

80

Prasat Non Bot

81

Prasat Nong I Khem

82

Prasat Nong Ta Bun

83

Prasat Nong Phak Bung Yai

84

Prasat Nong Ta Bai

85

Prasat Yot Udom

86

Prasat Nong Khu II

87

Prasat Thap Siam

88

Prasat Phanom Chat

89

Map of Sites West of Ta Phraya

90

Prasat Non Prasat

91

Prasat Non Prasat Yai

92

Prasat Sri Suk

93

Prasat Huai Ta Khian

94

Prasat Non That

95

Prasat Oraphin

96

Prasat Nong Bot

97

Prasat Nong Yai

98

Prasat Khok Kruat

98

Prasat Khok Phlai (N)

99

Prasat Khok Phlai (E)

100

Prasat Khao Lon

101

Diagram of Water Structures

103

Prasat Khao Yak

104

Prasat Khok Ballang

105

Prasat Nong Thaen I

106

Prasat Nong Phai Lom

107

Prasat Nong Ballang I

108

Prasat (?) Charoen Suk

108

Prasat Nong Ballang II

109

Prasat Pa Chong

110

Map of Sites North of Ta Phraya

111

Prasat Ta Ko

112

Prasat (?) Nong Ta Khian

113

Prasat Na Ta Rian

114

Prasat Nong Salatdai I

115

Prasat Nong Ta Moe

116

Prasat Nong Salatdai III

117

Prasat Nong Chorakhae Yai

118

Prasat Khok Prasat I

119

Prasat Khok Ta Rang

120

Prasat Khok Prasat II

121

Prasat Ban Prasat

122

Prasat Khok Yai

123

Sra Chaeng, or the Cankaratataka Tank

124

Prasat Chong Sra Chaeng

125

Prasat Kaban Khomot

126

Prasat Ta Yaem

127

 

 

Other Sites in Sra Kaeo

 

Sites in the Vicinity of Chong Ta Kiu Pass

130

Thap Thim Siam Quarries

131

The Ta Phraya National Park Inscriptions

131

Luk Chang Quarry

132

Sam Sra

132

Phanom Ki

133

Ta Phraya Public Library

133

Wat Ta Phraya

134

Wat Makok

135

Wat Krasang

136

Wat Khok Thahan

137

Wat Nong Tim

138

Wat Kut Wian

139

Wat Nong Waeng

140

Inscriptions in Sra Kaeo Province

141

The Suan Phakkat Museum in Bangkok

147

 

 

Ancient Routes

150

 

 

Appendices

 

I: Orientations of Khmer Temples

156

II: The Indian Circle

160

III: Glossary

166

 

 

Bibliography and Internet Sources

167

Endnotes

176

   

On the CD

 

1. Bilingual List of Addresses in Thai and English
2. Photos
3. Waypoints
4. Google Earth GPS File
5. Links to literature


INDEX of Sundial and Khmer Temples

Main Index www.thai-isan-lao.com

11 November 2011 © Asger Mollerup

macsida@thai-isan-lao.com